In advance of 1956 Kannada land was divided among Hyderabad province, Madras province and Mumbai Province. As a end result of the Motion for Unification of Karnataka, the Fazal Ali Committee was established up by the government of India in 1954 to seem into the desire. Fazal Ali Committee advisable the formation of Mysore Condition. So the Mysore condition arrived into staying on November 1, 1956 following the re-group of states on languages basis. The following regions and sites were being built-in with the recently formed Mysore point out.
- From Previous Mysore Condition: Bangalore, Mysore, Kolar, Tumkur, Mandya, Chickmagalore, Hassan, Shimoga, Chitradurga.
- From Madras Province: South Canara District, Kollegal Tq, Coorg and Bellary District.
- From Bombay: Belguam, Dharwar, Bijapur and Karwar.
- From Hyderabad: Raichur, Bidar and Gulbarga.
- Independent Point out: Sondur, Jamkhandi, Mudhol and Sovanur.
It was in November 1, 1973 the Mysore condition was renominated as Karnataka on well known demand.
Geography of Karnataka:
The total land space of Karnataka state is 1, 91,791 Sq Km. It actions about 700 km from north to south and 400 km from east to west. It is situated concerning 11o 31′ and 18o 45′ north latitudes, 74o 12′ and 78o 40′ east altitudes. It was covers about 5.84% land spot of India. Karnataka is the eighth biggest point out in India. As for every the 2001 census it is the 9th premier populated State in the nation. Karnataka is bounded by Andhra Pradesh in the east, Arabian sea (about 400Km coastal size) in the west, Maharashtra in the north, Goa in north-west, Tamil Nadu in South and South-east and Kerala state in the south-west.
Karnataka condition can be divided into four geographical locations, They are:
- The Coastal area
- The Malnad region
- The Northern Basic
- The Southern Basic
Soil in Karnataka:
Varieties of soils are identified in Karnataka. They can be broadly divided into 4 teams, as given under.
- Purple Soil
- Black Soil
- Laterite Soil
- Alluvial Soil
Karnataka state is relatively rich in mineral assets. Vital minerals offered in the state are Gold, Iron ore, Manganese, Cromite, Bauxite, Lime stone, Granite, Mica, Magnasite, Silver etc.
Massive quantity of very good excellent Iron ore reserve is in Karnataka. As for every the estimate all-around 2,421 million tons of iron ore reserve is in the condition. Karnataka stands third in iron ore deposits right after Bihar and Orissa in the place. It also stands 3rd in output of Iron ore in the country. Karnataka generally exports its iron ore to Japan and Iron.
In Karnataka Manganese is offered in huge quantity. It is approximated that all-around 73.3 million tons of Manganese deposit is in the point out. It stands to start with in the manganese reserve but stands 3rd in its generation in the country. Bellary district is the optimum producer of Manganese in the condition.
Bauxite deposit also identified in Karnataka. Belguam district is the important producer of Bauxite.
It is approximated that about 1.5 million tons of Cromite deposit is in Karnataka. It is mainly employed in iron and metal marketplace. The point out stands second in cromite reserve in the region. It is readily available in Shimoga, Hassan, Chickmagalore, Mysore and CHitradurga districts.
Karnataka stands 1st in the generation of gold in India. It generates about 78% overall gold manufacturing in the nation. It is out there in Kolar and Raichur districts. Kolar Gold field and Hatti Gold Mines are the significant gold mines of Karnataka. But in KGF production of gold is virtually stopped. KGF’s Winner Reaf gold mine is the deepest mine in the planet.
Copper deposit is observed in Ingadhalu of Chitradurga district, Kalyadi of Hassan district and Thinthini of Gulbarga district. It is estimated that about 5 million tons of copper deposit is in the condition.